Beyond the Bars Blog


By Father Stephen

In chapter 11 of the Gospel of St. John, we find the story of Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead.  There were many people standing there, watching what was taking place.  Jesus “cried with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out.”  The dead man came out, his hands and feet bound with bandages, and his face wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Unbind him, and let him go.”  Jesus had raised a man 4 days dead in the darkness of a tomb back to life, but He didn’t unbind him.  Instead, He called upon the people to unbind this man.

Many of the men and women coming out of the darkness of prison are very much like Lazarus.  They have committed their whole lives to Christ, having rediscovered (or embraced for the first time) the Orthodox Faith.  While in prison they found the True Faith, but they are coming forth with so very many things binding them up.  They don’t know how to start this new way of life…or to truly belong in a Church…or how to find employment…or how to locate housing…or how to re-establish relationships with family and friends…and the list goes on.   All of these can be fearful things that take great determination and support to accomplish.   As these men and women are returned to life in our society, Christ continues to call the Church to unbind them and help them become all they can be in this life.  This “unbinding” is called reentry.

Preparing the Church community for this reentry from prison begins now, not when a former prisoner walks in the doors or your Church. So many well-meaning Orthodox Christians have taken an ostrich approach to this topic. Here are a few quotes I have heard when I suggested that parishes need to prepare now:

  • Oh come on, what are the odds they would actually come to my Church?
  • Couldn’t they go to some other Church?
  • Could we talk about something else?

According to THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ( “More than 650,000 ex-offenders are released from prison every year, and studies show that approximately two-thirds will likely be rearrested within three years of release. What can be done to help people who are released from prison keep from being rearrested? With no job, no money, and no place to live, returnees often find themselves facing the same pressures and temptations that landed them in prison in the first place. Assisting ex-prisoners in finding and keeping employment, identifying transitional housing, and receiving mentoring are three key elements of successful re-entry into our communities.

How many of those men and women returning to prison was a result of the absolute rejection they ran into?  Rejected by the people in their communities and unable to find work, their futures begin to look mighty dim.  If the number of Orthodox men and women in prison was only 0.5% of the population (a small estimate), then over 3,000 Orthodox would be coming out into our communities each year.   Some of these men and women will be coming home to their own Church.  Many Orthodox men and women will be paroled to cities other than their home city.  They will seek out the nearest Orthodox Church to become a part of that community.  Others may have embraced Orthodoxy while in prison and are coming to a Church because they fell in love with the True Faith. 

It is not a matter of “if” someone like this will one day come to your Church, but rather it is a matter of “when” someone like this will walk through your doors.  If someone just out of prison were to show up at your Church next Sunday, would your community be ready to love and embrace him or her…to be one of those who unbind him or her?   Now truly is the time for your Church to get educated and prepared.  Please do not be one of those Churches that “just aren’t ready for that kind of person!”  God has a love for those in prison as is evidenced by His words in Matthew 25: “I was in prison and you visited me!”  When one of those precious souls walks out of prison, God’s love for them is still the same and His desire for us to “visit” them has not changed.

Each person coming out of prison is an individual made in the image and likeness of God. Each of them will bring a different set of needs to your parish. Here are a few of the many factors that will impact their reentry into society: What was their crime? How long were they in prison? Do they have a family they are returning to and, if so, how healthy and supportive is that family? What are their job skills? What is their financial condition? Where are they at spiritually?  These are the type of questions that could be asked over coffee when a meeting takes place with that person.

The person’s reentry from prison is not just the work of the clergy. It will truly take a community effort. Now is the time to put together a team of mature Orthodox Christians who are willing to take a mentoring/support role for someone coming out of prison. Having a group of men ready to work with a man coming out of prison and a group of women ready to work with a woman coming out of prison will give that person a much better chance of success. Also, preparing the family of the person ahead of time will add even more to their chances of success. Here is a story that will help put things in perspective:

John was coming home after being away for the past five years.  You might think the family would be planning a great party and feast to celebrate the return of their son.  Instead the family was in turmoil about how to handle his return.  You see John had been branded with a capital “F” on his forehead for he had become a Felon.  This wasn’t a literal “F” but the family knew that everyone would see it.  These past five years of his life had been spent in the deep darkness of prison.  Some of the family wished he were moving to another town so they wouldn’t be embarrassed by him.  Other family members wanted him home, but didn’t know exactly how to handle the situation.

John had made some bad choices while he was away at college and ended up going to prison.  He was always a good boy that had served in the altar until he was 16.  Now at 25 he was coming back to his home and his Church.  When they heard that John was returning, a few well-meaning people came to John’s family wanting to know if John was going to be a danger to the people in the Church.  One man asked them to make sure John didn’t get near any of the girls in their “Singles Group” as he didn’t want them getting involved with his type.  Of course, all of this was said in love.  People were simply afraid because John had become a felon.

The truth of the matter was that John had paid his debt to society and just wanted to start his life over with the people he loved.  He had realized the mistakes he had made and didn’t ever want to go down that path again.  His faith had deepened tremendously and he was ready to be a part of his Church and the community again.  He wanted to get a good job and prove to everyone that he was truly a changed man.  What helped get him through those very long five years were the memories of family, friends, and Church.   When he thought about what kind of life he wanted to live after prison, it was to be back in that community of wonderful people.  He just wanted a normal life again.

When John arrived home, his self-image was about as low as one could get.  When he looked in the mirror, he saw that “F” emblazoned on his forehead and didn’t know how to erase it.  He felt so very ashamed and had a difficult time looking anyone in the eyes.  On his first Sunday back in Church the icy stares of others caused him to look down most of the time.  No one came up to greet or welcome him during coffee hour.  He left feeling that “F” shining even brighter.  He made an appointment with his priest.  His priest told him that he would pray for him, but that he wasn’t sure the Church was ready for a man like him.  He was sure that John would understand.

John tried to find a good job but every interview ended at the same point when he told them that he had just gotten out of prison.  He so desperately needed someone to vouch for him, but no one would step forward.  He finally found a job washing dishes.  He was determined to be a success, but didn’t know how to even begin.  Without any support from his friends or Church, John’s future was looking mighty dim.  This scenario is being played out over and over again across this country of ours.  Orthodox men and women are coming out of the darkness of prison, wanting to succeed in life, only to find rejection from the very people they knew and sadly from their Church community.   Most people on the outside of prison only know what television or the movies have portrayed it to be.  When someone comes to their Church or community, the immediate reaction is one of fear.  Instead of finding the help and support they so desperately need, they find rejection.

Now is the time to make sure your parish is not going to be that kind of welcoming committee. The clergy and the people need to be prepared to help “unbind” a person the minute he or she comes to your parish from prison. Orthodox Christian Prison Ministry is here to assist you and your parish in your ministry to someone coming out of prison.  To learn more about the ministry of OCPM please visit:


Post Office Box 1597

New York, NY 10025



P.O. Box 277

Rosemount, MN 55068

Other Resources:

Reentry Services in Each State

Reentry Partnerships: A Guide for States & Faith-Based and Community Organizations

National Reentry Resource Center

Beyond the Bars Blog

Hot Time, Summer in the Prison

Someone in prison once wrote to this ministry and mentioned he was reading Dante’s Inferno.  He suggested that perhaps Dante got the inspiration for his book after spending a summer inside a prison.  There is a prison in Texas which some people serving time there call The Glass House because the exterior walls are nothing but six-inches by six-inches squares of glass mounted in a steel grid.  One wing of the prison faces due west and so in the afternoon anyone on that wing will do nothing but roast in the sun beaming through the glass . . . and no air conditioning either.  For most prisons, especially the older structures, there is only one word to describe summers there: HOT!  Not only do you get all sweaty and uncomfortable, everyone else around you is sweating as well.  If you remember what a gym locker room smelled like when you were in school, multiply that by about a thousand and you will be close to the smell inside a prison in the summertime.  Besides the odor, everyone’s tempers flare as well, both inmates and guards; needless to say, summer in prison is an especially rough place to be.  So, how does one survive such a hot setting?            

One thing to learn about people in prison is to never underestimate their ingenuity.  For example, one way to help beat the heat is to sit in front of a fan (if you are blessed to have family or a friend who will send you money to be able to buy one).  Furthermore, it is better to sit in front of the fan wearing a wet t-shirt.  As the fan evaporates the water from the shirt, heat from your body will be carried away as well.  Although it is available to far fewer people in prison, it is great to have a job in an air-conditioned area of the prison or perhaps work in the meat cooler in the food service department.  However, for far too many people in prison there is no alternative but to sit there and sweat.  For older inmates (a large portion of our prison population today due to tough on crime laws passed decades ago), summertime can be a season which turns a limited sentence into a life sentence.  Likely you have heard about how the elderly suffer and sometimes die during the heat of summer in our bigger cities.  Just think what it is like for someone in prison who can’t even go outside when it gets too hot inside.  If there is one thing I have learned in my many years of involvement with people in prison, it is that there is no need to tell them about hell, they are already living in it.  So, this summer, in the letters we regularly send to those who write to us, we try to share a little humor and a little of God’s love to help relieve their suffering.